The Masjid-i Jahān-Numā (Persian: مسجد-ا جہاں نما, Devanagari: मस्जिद जहान नुमा, the 'World-reflecting Mosque'), commonly known as
the Jama Masjid (Hindi: जामा मस्जिद, Urdu: جامع مسجد) of Delhi, is the largest mosque of India.
It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1658 at a cost of 1 million rupees, and was inaugrated
by an imam from Bukhara in present day Uzbekistan. The courtyard can accommodate more than 25,000 persons at a time.
There are three domes on the terrace of the mosque which is surrounded by minarets. On the floor, a total of 899
black borders are "marked for worshippers". The architectural plan of the mosque is similar to that of Badshahi
Masjid, built by Shah Jahan's son Aurangzeb at Lahore in Pakistan.
The mosque has been the site of two terrorist attacks, one in 2006 and another in 2010. During the first, two explosions
occurred in the mosque, injuring thirteen people. In the second, two Taiwanese students were injured as two gunmen
opened fire upon them.
Jama Masjid History
It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1658. It was built in red sandstone by more than 5000 workers. The mosque was originally called "Masjid-i-Jahan-Numa", or "mosque commanding view of the world". The construction was done under the supervision of Saadullah Khan, who was the wazir or Prime Minister during Shah Jahan's rule. The cost of the construction in those times was 1 million Rupees. Emperor Shahjahan also built the Taj Mahal, at Agra and the Red Fort in New Delhi, which stands opposite the Jama Masjid. The Jama Masjid was completed in 1656 AD (1066 AH), with three great gates, four towers and two 40 m-high minarets constructed of strips of red sandstone and white marble. About 25,000 people can pray in the courtyard at a time. The mosque is commonly called "Jama" which means Friday. It is India's largest mosque. The mosque was inaugrated by a Imam Bukhari, a mullah from Bukhara, Uzebekistan, on 23 July 1656, on the invitation from Shah Jahan. After the British victory in Revolt of 1857, they confiscated the mosque and stationed their soldiers here. There was "also talk of destroying the mosque" for punishing the people of the city. But due to opposition faced, the mosque "survived". In 2006, it was reported that the mosque was in "urgent need of repair". The then Saudi Arabian king Abdullah, "offered to pay to repair" the mosque. The imam said that he had "received the offer directly from the Saudi authorities" but requested "them" for "approaching" the Indian government.